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Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affecting the lower extremities is characterized by the restricted circulation of blood to the legs and feet due to the constriction or obstruction of arteries that bring the blood to those areas. There are many causes and treatments for PAD, read more about PAD below.
Vein disease, or venous insufficiency, is a widespread condition primarily caused by weakened or damaged vein valves, leading to poor blood circulation, especially in the legs. Symptoms include visible bulging veins, leg pain, cramping, heaviness, swelling, itching, and skin discoloration. Left untreated, it can result in more severe complications like venous ulcers and blood clots, emphasizing the importance of early detection and intervention to manage the condition effectively. Read more about Vein disease and treatments below
If you suffer from toenail fungus, we offer effective treatments to help you get rid of the infection and restore the health of your nails. Our podiatrists use the latest techniques and medications to kill the fungus and prevent it from coming back.
Lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a condition in which the blood flow to the legs and feet is limited due to the narrowing or blockage of arteries. This condition can be caused by a variety of factors, such as smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes. It can also be a result of aging and genetics.
The symptoms of lower extremity arterial disease can range from mild to severe, and may include leg pain, cramping, and weakness. In more advanced cases, non-healing wounds and gangrene may occur.
An ankle-brachial index test, also known as ABI, is a simple and non-invasive test that measures the blood pressure in the ankle and compares it to the blood pressure in the arm. The test is quick, painless, and can be performed in our office at the time of your visit. During the ABI test, the patient's blood pressure is measured in the ankle and arm, and the results are compared. The test takes less than 5 minutes and is done with the patient seated comfortably in the exam chair.
In conclusion, lower extremity arterial disease is a serious condition that can have severe consequences if left untreated. An ankle-brachial index test is a simple and effective way to detect the disease early, allowing for prompt treatment and improved outcomes. If you are at risk for PAD please contact us for a lower extremity consultation and quick ABI test that we can perform right in the office at the same time. We are here to help.
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD), also known as peripheral vascular disease, is a common yet often overlooked circulatory condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by the narrowing or blockage of arteries that supply blood to the extremities, usually the legs. This narrowing is primarily due to the accumulation of fatty deposits, cholesterol, and calcium, collectively known as plaque, within the arterial walls. As a result, the affected limbs receive insufficient oxygen and nutrients, leading to various health complications.
Several factors contribute to the development of PAD. The most common cause is atherosclerosis, a condition in which plaque accumulates in the arteries. Other factors that can increase the risk of PAD include smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, obesity, and a family history of vascular diseases. Additionally, age is a significant risk factor, with PAD becoming more common as people get older.
The symptoms of Peripheral Arterial Disease can vary in severity, and may not always be immediately apparent.
Early diagnosis and management of PAD are crucial to prevent complications. The primary goals of treatment are to improve blood circulation, alleviate symptoms, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks and strokes. Treatment options include:
If you experience any symptoms of PAD, seek a consultation with our Vascular specialist promptly. Early detection and intervention can significantly improve outcomes. Additionally, individuals with risk factors such as smoking, diabetes, or a family history of vascular disease should undergo regular check-ups and discuss their risk with a healthcare provider. It is crucial to recognize that PAD often coexists with other cardiovascular conditions, making its early diagnosis even more critical.
Varicose Veins: Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted veins, usually occurring in the legs. They develop when the valves in the veins fail to function correctly, causing blood to pool, leading to visible, swollen veins. Factors such as genetics, obesity, pregnancy, and prolonged periods of standing or sitting can increase the risk of developing varicose veins.
Venous Stasis Dermatitis: Venous stasis dermatitis, also known as venous eczema, results from poor blood circulation in the legs. This condition causes inflammation of the skin, leading to various skin changes and symptoms. This condition is typically caused by chronic venous insufficiency, which leads to inefficient blood circulation in the legs. It can result from varicose veins or other venous disorders
Lower Extremity Edema: Lower extremity edema refers to swelling in the legs, ankles, and feet due to the accumulation of excess fluid in the tissues. It can be a symptom of various underlying conditions, including venous issues. Edema in the lower extremities can be caused by various factors, including venous insufficiency, heart failure, kidney disease, and certain medications.
Varicose Veins: Symptoms of varicose veins include visible, twisted veins, leg pain or discomfort, itching, and a feeling of heaviness in the legs. In severe cases, skin changes and ulcers may develop.
Venous Stasis Dermatitis: Symptoms include redness, itching, and inflammation of the skin, often around the ankles. Over time, the skin may become discolored, thickened, and prone to ulceration.
Lower Extremity Edema: Symptoms of edema in the lower extremities include swelling, pain, and a feeling of fullness in the legs, ankles, or feet. The skin may also become stretched and shiny.
Varicose Veins: Treatment options for varicose veins range from lifestyle changes, such as exercise and wearing compression stockings, to medical procedures like endovenous closure treatments, radiofrequency closure, or vein stripping surgery.
Venous Stasis Dermatitis: Management includes treating the underlying venous insufficiency, which may involve lifestyle changes, sequential or consistent compression therapy, and topical medications to control skin inflammation.
Lower Extremity Edema: Treatment focuses on addressing the underlying cause, which could involve managing conditions like heart failure, kidney disease, or venous insufficiency. Lifestyle changes, elevation of the legs, and compression garments can help reduce edema.
If you experience symptoms of vein disease please discuss it with one of our providers. Early diagnosis and intervention can prevent complications and improve your quality of life. If you notice changes in your veins, persistent skin issues, or unexplained swelling in your lower extremities, seek medical attention promptly.
Starting in March, Dr. Fairbanks, Dr. Chesworth, and Dr. Hatch are joining the Green Valley community! Feel free to give our office a call or send us a text message to schedule an appointment.